Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory agent Terry Johnson and others assisted the village of Shaktoolik with planning and implementing measures to "defend in place” against coastal storms.
This project developed a participatory, place-based approach for assessing the vulnerability and resilience of Maine fishing communities, documenting threats and resources available to respond to those threats. To understand the forces driving vulnerability, Johnson and graduate students Cameron Thompson and Anna Henry worked with community stakeholders to identify opportunities and strategies for improving resilience of fishing communities. They produced a summary report, entitled, “In Their Own Words: Fishermen’s Perspectives of Community Resilience.”
Using South Kingstown Land Trust as a pilot, tools have been identified for use by local conservation organizations in Rhode Island and beyond to assess vulnerability and identify strategies to begin to implement adaptation actions through conservation, management, and investment.
Maine Sea Grant has organized a number of tours, during which Southern Maine coastal property owners, local officials, and community members visit coastal properties in Saco, Wells, and Ogunquit where action has been or could be taken to make them more resilient to flooding, erosion, and extreme storm events.
Rhode Island Sea Grant is helping to bring the FORTIFIED program to Rhode Island in order to construct resilient buildings.
Frequent flooding is on the rise in Charleston, S.C., forcing the closure of streets in the peninsular city. The S.C. Sea Grant Consortium is part of the Charleston Resilience Network, a public-private partnership designed to coordinate regional efforts to plan for and adapt to increasing flood challenges.
For the residents of five coastal New England communities grappling with rapid shoreline erosion and coastal flooding, a new feeling of hope is beginning to emerge.
The Caribbean is exposed to a multitude of coastal hazards. It is important to have access to a tool that helps measure such parameters like waves, currents, and winds that provides vital information to Caribbean communities.
Pat Corcoran's efforts have already sparked discussion and informed others about the desirability of relocating schools and emergency services out of tsunami hazard zones, setting up neighborhood supply caches on high ground and holding regular community-wide disaster drills.
Washington Sea Grant partnered with the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe and Adaptation International to develop a set of local sea level rise projections, and sea level scenario maps for the Jamestown S'Klallam community. The assessments are being used to identify priority adaptation actions, tribal areas or resources that are particularly vulnerable to sea level rise, and have also been integrated into community long-term planning. Additionally, Washington Sea Grant is partnering with North Olympic Peninsula Resource Conservation District and Adaptation International on a multi-sector climate change vulnerability assessment and adaptation plan, including sea level rise and coastal flooding projections for coastal communities in Clallam and Jefferson Counties.
King Tides, or extreme high tides, offer the chance to view what the future might look like with higher sea levels. The King Tides Project directs citizens to capture images of King Tide events and upload them onto the website. The Washington King Tides project is part of an international collaboration.
Dam removal on the Elwha delta has led to a massive flux of sediment to the coastal zone, leading to what is in effect the largest beach nourishment experiment ever in Washington State. Washington Sea Grant, in collaboration with the US Geological Survey, the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe and others, is investigating the fate of that sediment and particularly how it acts to re-nourish eroding beaches. The results can be applied to problems associated with beach erosion due to climate change and sea level rise.
Coastal communities across the nation are faced with the challenge of how to adapt to coastal inundation associated with climate change and sea level rise. As part of the National Sea Grant Coastal Communities Climate Adaptation Initiative (CCCAI), the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium (NJSGC) and its partners, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Office of Coastal Management (NJOCM), Monmouth University Urban Coast Institute (UCI) and Stevens Institute of Technology, conducted community-based, climate adaptation demonstration projects in Cape May Point, Little Silver and Oceanport, New Jersey.
With funding from Sea Grant's Community Climate Adaptation Initiative (CCAI), Maine Sea Grant/UMaine Extension and UMaine researchers working with the City of Ellsworth have been co-developing adaptation planning tools for decision making, mapping complex governance structures for stormwater infrastructure, downscaling modeling of extreme storm events for including seasonal changes affecting timing for city maintenance of stormwater infrastructure, developing simple scenario interactive mapping to assist in determining priorities, educational materials developed for residents on stormwater, and completing and airing of the documentary produced by Maine Public Broadcasting Network, “Culvert Operations.”
This project includes three communities in ME, MA, and SC. In collaboration with partners, Maine Sea Grant and UMaine Extension have conducted interviews, Vulnerability and Consequences Adaptation Planning Scenarios (VCAPS), and Systems Dynamic (SD) modeling workshops in a lobster community to co-develop strategies and adaptations for improving their fishery, based on the impacts from climate change. The SD model will input the factors affecting their particular situation in order to develop best practices, and an adaptation ethic of “fish smarter, not harder.” The Maine project was presented in a poster session at the October 2013 Regional Association of Research in the Gulf of Maine conference.
A model document for incorporating coastal hazards and climate change into state mandated Local Comprehensive Planning, together with maps that assess vulnerability, and recommendations based on lessons learned from other places for the community to adapt to rising seas.
Washington Sea Grant led the development of the Olympic National Marine Sanctuary (OCNMS) Climate Change Assessment, which examined the vulnerability of sanctuary resources to climate change. The report, intended for OCNMS staff, the OCNMS advisory committee, and the Intergovernmental Policy Council, is being used as a springboard for climate change adaptation activities in the sanctuary, and adjacent (mostly tribal) communities.
The lead coordinating organization is Wetlands Watch, working with architects at Hampton University, builders from the Hampton Roads Green Building Council, Urban Land Institute, and a suite of engineers. They are focused on Chesterfield Heights neighborhood in Norfolk, and will be creating specific designs for a more resilient Chesterfield Heights.
The Santa Barbara Area Coastal Ecosystem Vulnerability Assessment for Local Communities (SBA CEVALC) is aimed at assisting the Cities of Santa Barbara, Carpinteria, and Goleta and the County of Santa Barbara in planning for adaptation to climate change. Three of the state's leading ecological and climatological research programs including: the UCSB Coastal Long-Term Ecological Research Project, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and USGS, are accomplishing the project in close collaboration with the three cities and County. Community input is integral to the project with staff from relevant city/county departments participating through workshops and review.